Some patients may wear compressive clothing or very loose clothing.
Patients with extra fat may have tried machine-based fat reduction or fat-dissolving injections.
For those with extra skin, patients may have tried radio frequency-based machines to tighten the skin.
Most of these methods can help with small changes, but if more than this is required, different surgical options are utilised.
A mini-abdominoplasty deals with the extra skin near the waist only.
A full tummy tuck deals with the extra skin at the front (In a head to toe direction).
If excess skin is present in both directions (Head to toe and side to side), a Fleur-De-Lys abdominoplasty is needed, leaving an upside-down T scar across the front of the tummy.
If extra fat is present, liposuction is combined with any of the types and in some circumstances is called a Brazilian Tummy Tuck (which tends to leave a scar along the waist).
Of note, apart from a mini-abdominoplasty, all other types need to move the belly button, which leaves a scar around it.