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Hair Loss

Hair loss is known as alopecia and can affect anyone at any time. Most commonly this would affect men’s scalp but hair loss can affect any part of the body that has hair including the beard, eyebrows and all other parts of the body.

Depending on the reason for hair loss, it can be temporary or permanent. Hair loss can be a result of being inherited, medical conditions including hormone imbalances and ageing.

Baldness is when you lose more hair than the body can grow back and is specific to the scalp. It tends to happen to people in a hereditary fashion meaning either parent may have it or have had it. It tends to affect people at a similar time of their lives as it affected their parents, so tends to be linked to ageing.

How someone deals with hair loss is entirely personal. People may let it run its course and be proud of it. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, wigs, makeup, hats or scarves. Others may choose one of the treatments available to prevent further hair loss or restore growth.

Before undergoing hair loss treatment, it is best to talk to your GP to identify and correct the conditions that may be causing it. They may be able to offer some basic advice for standard market treatment options.

Treatments at Kliniken

Nanofat/Stem cells

Kliniken utilises potent stem cells derived from fat tissues, known for their rich growth factor production, to aid in hair regeneration. The nanofat technique filters and concentrates these beneficial stem cells and growth factors for longer-lasting effects. With a simple, minimally invasive procedure, the fat stem cells are harvested under sedation through small incisions, and then injected into the scalp, providing natural hair regrowth and boosting hair transplantation results. The outpatient procedure takes 2-3 hours, ensuring a quick recovery and allowing patients to return home the same day.

PRP (Plasma Rich Protein)

PRP comes from blood into bottles used and is spun in a centrifuge. The PRP is injected in a similar way to the fat stem cells. Since PRP only contains the growth factors, the effects tends to be shorter lasting than the fat stem cells for hair loss. Patients tend to need treatment every 3-4 months to continue the positive effect on hair regeneration.

Frequently Asked Questions

Find answers to our frequently asked questions

Types of hair loss can be:

  • Male-pattern baldness
  • Female-pattern baldness
  • Patchy hair loss (alopecia areata)
  • Traction alopecia
  • Frontal fibrosing alopecia

Hair loss can appear in many different ways, depending on what's causing it. It can come on suddenly or gradually and affect just the scalp or the whole body.

Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

  • Gradual thinning on top of head.
    This is the most common type of hair loss, affecting people as they age. In men, hair often begins to recede at the hairline on the forehead. Women typically have a broadening of the part in their hair. An increasingly common hair loss pattern in older women is a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).
  • Circular or patchy bald spots.
    Some people lose hair in circular or patchy bald spots on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. The skin may become itchy or painful before the hair falls out.
  • Sudden loosening of hair.
    A physical or emotional shock can cause hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or washing your hair or even after gentle tugging. This type of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning but is temporary.
  • Full-body hair loss.
    Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over your body. The hair usually grows back.
  • Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp.
    This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling and, at times, oozing.

People typically lose between 50 to 100 hairs a day. This isn't noticeable because new hair is growing in at the same rate. Hair loss occurs when new hair doesn't replace the hair that has fallen out.

Hair loss is typically related to one or more of the following factors:

  • Family history (heredity). The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with ageing. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs gradually and in predictable patterns — a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in women.
  • Hormonal changes and medical conditions. A variety of conditions can cause permanent or temporary hair loss, including hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions include alopecia areata when the immune system attacks the body and causes patchy hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania.
  • Medications and supplements. Hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and high blood pressure.
  • Radiation therapy to the head. The hair may not grow back the same as it was before.
  • A very stressful event. Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.
  • Hairstyles and treatments. Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents also can cause hair to fall out. If scarring occurs, hair loss could be permanent.

A number of factors can increase your risk of hair loss, including:

  • A family history of balding on your mother's or father's side
  • Age
  • Significant weight loss
  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and lupus
  • Stress
  • Poor nutrition

Most baldness is caused by genetics (male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness). This type of hair loss is not preventable.

These tips may help you avoid preventable types of hair loss:

  • Be gentle with your hair. Avoid tugging when brushing and combing, especially when your hair is wet. A wide-toothed comb might help prevent pulling out hair. Avoid harsh treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot-oil treatments and permanents. Limit the tension on hair from styles that use rubber bands and braids.
  • Ask your GP about medications and supplements you take that might cause hair loss.
  • Protect your hair from sunlight and other sources of ultraviolet light.
  • Stop smoking. Some studies show an association between smoking and baldness in men.
  • If you're being treated with chemotherapy, ask your doctor about a cooling cap. This cap can reduce your risk of losing hair during chemotherapy.

Before making a diagnosis, your GP will find out about your diet, your hair care routine, and your medical and family history. After being examined, patients may need tests including:

  • Blood tests: Help to uncover medical conditions that can cause hair loss.
  • Pull test: Some of your hair is gently pulled to see how many may come out. This helps determine the stage of the shedding process.
  • Scalp biopsy: Samples of the skin on the scalp may be taken if there is a suggestion from your history that contributes to the hair loss.

There are effective treatments for some types of hair loss now available both on the market and surgical options. Hair loss may be reversed or at least slowed down. With some conditions, such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata), hair may grow back without any treatment within a year.

If the hair loss is caused by an underlying disease, treatment for that disease should first be undertaken. If a certain medication is causing the hair loss, under the supervision of your GP, that may be stopped to examine the effect on the hair loss.

Medications that can be used include:

  • Minoxidil: Over-the-counter minoxidil comes in liquid, foam and shampoo forms. To be most effective, apply the product to the scalp skin once daily for women and twice daily for men. Most people prefer to apply the foam when the hair is wet.
    Products with minoxidil help many people regrow their hair or slow the rate of hair loss or both. It takes at least six months of treatment to prevent further hair loss and to start hair regrowth. It may take a few more months to tell whether the treatment is working. If it does help, patients need to continue taking the medicine indefinitely for the hair loss to stop.
    Possible side effects include scalp irritation and unwanted hair growth on the adjacent skin of the face and hands.
  • Finasteride: This is a prescription drug for men, which is taken as a daily pill. Many men taking finasteride experience a slowing of hair loss, and some may show new hair growth. It may take a few months to tell whether it works. Similar to minoxidil, it needs to be taken indefinitely to have the benefits of hair loss. Finasteride may not work as well for men over 60.
    Rare side effects of finasteride include diminished sex drive and sexual function and an increased risk of prostate cancer. Women who are or may be pregnant need to avoid touching crushed or broken tablets.
  • Other medications. Other oral options include spironolactone and oral dutasteride.

Hair transplant

In the most common type of permanent hair loss, only the top of the head is affected. Hair transplant, or restoration surgery, can make the most of the hair left.

During a hair transplant procedure, the surgeon removes hair from a part of the head that has hair (typically the back of the head) and transplants it to a bald spot. Each patch of hair has between one and a few hair follicles (micrografts and minigrafts). Sometimes a larger strip of skin containing multiple hair groupings is taken. This procedure doesn't require staying in, but it is painful so the procedure tends to occur under sedation to ease the discomfort. Possible risks include bleeding, bruising, swelling and infection. Patients may need more than one surgery to get the effect wanted. Hereditary hair loss will eventually progress despite surgery.

Lifestyle and home remedies

On the market, there are various hair care methods that can be used to help people feel better about the hair loss. This includes using styling products that add volume, colour that makes the hairless scalp look less obvious, using a hairstyle that makes a widening part less noticeable. Some use wigs or extensions, or shave their head.


Our UK trained and qualified surgeons are here to help


Why Choose Kliniken for Hair Loss Surgery

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